Tehran Golestan palace: The big city of Tehran has been known as the capital of Greater Iran for the last 200 years, and for this reason it includes very large mansions and museums. Each of these local mansions has been used to perform the most important historical events that have taken place during different times. One of these mansions in Tehran is Golestan Palace. The construction of Tehran Golestan Palace was done during the Qajar dynasty and according to the fact that Mr. Mohammad Khan Qajar had chosen Tehran as his capital after the end of Zandieh rule, Tehran Golestan Palace was very important.
Tehran Golestan Palace is an outstanding example of Qajar art and architecture and a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day and also is in Iran UNESCO Heritage world list. It exemplifies the architectural and artistic achievements of the Qajar era and the co-existence of Persian and European architectural elements. This palace is located in an area that was originally called Tehran Citadel.
Golestan complex was established during the Safavid period and later dynasties were added to this building. Today, the complex consists of 17 palaces, museums and halls. Most of the changes made in this collection are related to the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar. Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar was the first king to travel to Western countries and tried to use the architecture he saw in other countries in Iranian architecture and He did the same during his 49 years in power. Tehran Golestan Palace has witnessed important moments in the history of Iran, including the Constitutional Revolution, the coronation of the first and second Pahlavi dynasties.
Salam Hall or Museum Hall is one of the rooms of Tehran Golestan Palace which is currently used as a museum. Salam Hall was a place for great royal ceremonies during the Pahlavi dynasty and ceremonies such as the coronation of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Shahbano Pahlavi were held in this hall. The construction of this hall began in 1253 AD and was completed two years later. The most important thing in this hall was the throne known as the Peacock Throne (Qajar) and the Kiani Crown, which are kept in the National Jewelry Museum and currently only their replicas are in this hall. This hall is the largest hall in Tehran Golestan Palace and overlooks Golestan Garden from the south with 9 windows.
Mirror Hall is one of the rooms of the palace which is located in the west of Golestan complex and above the entrance of the main building and in the west of Salam Hall. The south side of this hall is towards Golestan Garden and has three large arched sashes towards the garden and two doors and a large arched window towards the mansion. The reason for the dampness of this hall is that there are many works on its walls.
Marble bed porch is the first part of the complex that you see when you enter the garden. This porch is decorated with Iranian elements such as tiles, mirrors, bedding, lattice windows and paintings. The bed on the porch is made of famous yellow marble of Yazd province.
On the right side of this building, there is another porch called khalvate Khani (A place for the king to rest alone). There used to be a marble fountain on this porch. In one of the parts of the Golestan complex, you can easily see a combination of Iranian and European architecture, which is called the Sun Mansion. This mansion was built by order of Nasser al-Din Shah so that he could see a large area of his capital from above.
The windbreak mansion on the south side of Golestan Garden was built by order of Fath Ali Shah Qajar. Muzaffar al-Din Shah Qajar was crowned in the windmill of Tehran Golestan Palace. The vestibules and facades above the rooms are among the parts of this building and the sash and columns have given a special beauty to this building. Painting, goldsmithing, mirror work, plastering, inlay work and marble have been used throughout the mansion and for this reason it is considered as one of the interesting and busy buildings of the royal citadel at that time. The royal hall of this building is a unique masterpiece and the following decorations have been used in it: no sash, two gypsum columns painted in the style of Zandieh, marble plinths painted, seven-color mosaic floor with a pattern of idols. And yellow, mirroring and painting walls and ceilings.
It was at the end of Nasser al-Din Shah’s reign that the Ottoman king Sultan Abdul Hamid sent some expensive furniture to the Shah of Iran. Due to the lack of enough space in the palaces of the Golestan Shah complex, he ordered the construction of another palace for this furniture, which is white and is called white. In the windows used in this mansion, the patterns have been simplified and curved lines have been used and named after the solar node. The entrance door of the palace is made exactly according to the geometric patterns of Qajar architecture, which uses an eight-mesh knot in the semicircle.
Aj (Ivory) Hall is one of the halls of the main mansion in Tehran Golestan Palace, which is located after the Mirror Hall and on the west side of the Diamond Hall. The date of construction of this hall is not known. There are two different views for naming this palace. First, there are two large ivory elephants in this mansion. Others believe that this palace was a place of reception and food and Aj in Turkish means hungry.
To the east of the Ivory Hall, there are several beautiful halls and rooms with many mirrors, chandeliers, heaters and stairs and numerous corridors. This part is known as the Diamond Hall and is located at a lower altitude than the Ivory Hall. There is not much information about this building and only in books and writings there is a brief name and reference to it, there is not even a picture of the Crystal Hall.
Diamond Mansion is one of the oldest mansions in Tehran Golestan Palace. The Diamond Mansion is located in the southern part of the Golestan Garden area, right after the windmill Mansion. The Diamond Mansion was built in the area of Tehran Golestan Palace during the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar.
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