Touristic Villages in Isfahan

touristic villages in Isfahan

Touristic villages in Isfahan

There are many touristic villages in Isfahan and also towns in Isfahan province, which are popular among travelers due to their historical background and pristine nature.

Below are some of these famous ones:

1- Kashan

The historical city of Kashan, located in the north of Isfahan province, is the second largest city in the province and one of the most important touristic villages in Isfahan. Kashan, which is one of the central cities of Iran, is impressive with its art, history and architecture. The city of Kashan, due to the remnants of the Silk civilization, is considered one of the oldest and most ancient cities in Iran with a history of more than seven thousand years.

Kashan is also known as the carpet capital of the world.

Kashan climate

Kashan is a desert and hot city with hot summers. In spring and autumn, the temperature is between 10- and 22-degrees Centimeter and the weather is very cool. Also in winter, the air temperature will not reach less than 3 degrees Centimeter.

Therefore, the best time to visit Kashan is spring and autumn.

Rituals and celebrations of Kashan

There are many traditional celebrations and festivals in Kashan, the most famous of which is Golabgiri festival. This celebration, which is held in May, is a ceremony of collecting and preparing damask rose for Golabgiri festival.

Another famous ceremony of this city is this (ghali shuyan) carpet washing which is held in October.

 Background of Kashan name

It is said that the name Kashan is derived from the Kasi people. The Caspians were a group of immigrants who settled in this area.

One group considers Kashan to be derived from “Ki Ashian” meaning the place of rulers, and another group considers the word Kashan to mean summer houses made of wood and reeds.

Tourist Attractions

Kashan is known as an artistic and historical city in Iran and abroad. The tourist attractions of this city are summarized in three sections: historical, natural and local celebrations.

  Kashan is more than 7,000 years old and its historical and traditional texture can be seen in its alleys.

Fin Garden

Fin Garden is one of the most famous and important tourist attractions of the city, which has been registered as a national monument and is one of the 9 Iranian gardens registered in the World Heritage List.

  The garden is so beautiful that it is mentioned as a perfect example of Iranian gardening.

The area of Finn Garden is 33799 square meters and due to the location of walls and cylindrical towers around the garden, it is very magnificent and royal, hence it is also called “King’s Garden”.

One of the interesting things about this garden is that some people believe in throwing coins into the pond and their wish will come true. The philosophy of throwing coins into the water is considered to be related to the religion of Zoroaster. In this religion, water is a symbol of purity and its followers gave part of their wealth to the goddess of water to bless their homes.

The exact date of the Finn Garden is not known and some people attribute its construction to the time of Ardeshir Babakan.

The first mention of the Finn Garden in historical sources dates back to the time of Yaqub Laith Saffari, who mentioned the existence of a spring and a garden in the central deserts of Iran.

According to historical sources, others have considered the Al-Buwayhid period as the time of the construction of the Finn Garden, and some have attributed it to the patriarchal era.

Effervescent pool (houze jushan)

 One of the attractions of this garden is the effervescent pool (houze jushan). The floor of this pool is completely tiled and the tiles have patterns similar to Kashan carpets. This pond has 160 holes symbolizing carpet flowers.

Unfortunately, during the reign of Reza Shah, most of the tiles were looted and some of them were sold to the Louvre Museum in Paris.

Twelve Fountain Pond

The Twelve Fountains Pond was built during the reign of Mohammad Shah Qajar. This pond is like a water atmosphere with a fountain. This pool is similar to the stream with 12 fountains.

The philosophy of using ponds and fountains in Iranian gardens has been to create a sense of calm by seeing the water and hearing its sound, as well as cooling the ambient air.

Fin bath

Finn Bath, which is located in Finn Garden and is one of the historical attractions of Kashan. The main reason for the fame of this bath is the assassination of Mirza Taghi Khan Amirkabir, Prime Minister Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar on January 11, 1230.

There are two small and large baths in Kashan Fin Garden. The small bath was built in the Safavid period and the large bath was built in the Qajar period.

 Both bathrooms have different sections such as entrance, warm house, fountain, dressing room.

Considering the fact that baths are more than 100 years old, the technology used to change the bath water and refresh it is remarkable and still works properly.

 One of the most interesting parts of the fin bath is the waterproofing of the walls, which is made of lime, mortar and sand to prevent wasting energy and keeping water warm. The natural materials used in this bath are still efficient after all these years.

One of the remarkable points about Kashan Fin Bath is the existence of 7 old tiles in the treasury section, which date back to 500 years ago. The small bath, which was built for the use of servants and crew, is very simple, has no architectural features and it became famous because of the murder of Amir Kabir in this place. After this incident, Finn’s garden and bath were forgotten for a long time, and this gave the looters the opportunity to loot the marble.

The Great Bath, also known as the Royal Bath, was built by order of Fath Ali Shah Qajar. The large bath was built for the use of courtiers, and is therefore very valuable in terms of interior architecture.

This beautiful bathroom is made of marble columns and all the columns and the ceiling are painted with beautiful designs.

Borujerdiha Historical House

Borujerdiha Historical House is one of the historical monuments of Kashan. Boroujerdiha House is a symbol of Iranian introverted architecture and attracts every visitor. This house is one of the most exquisite historical monuments of the Qajar period in terms of design, architecture, antiquity, paintings and bedding.

According to the inscription on the four sides of the hall, the Boroujerdiha house dates back to 1292 AH and its construction took about 18 years.

The main owner of the Boroujerdi House in Kashan was Haj Seyyed Hassan Natanzi, a wealthy businessman living in Kashan.The reason for this letter is Seyed Hassan’s commercial relations with the city of Boroujerd, to call him Boroujerdi.

The construction of the Boroujerdiha house has a love story. Seyyed Hassan falls in love with the daughter of a wealthy Tabatabai family. The girl’s father announces the condition of marriage to build a house near Tabatabai’s house and its magnificent level.

Seyed Hassan accepts the condition and starts building the house.

The construction of the Boroujerdiha house in Kashan took 18 years.


The foundation of Boroujerdiha house is one thousand square meters and its total area is 1700 square meters and it is built on two floors.

The house has a domed roof, and this design compares it to the buildings built by Gaud. In Barcelona.

The main building materials are raw clay and all the main structures of the building are made of raw clay with mud or gypsum mortar or a combination of them.

More than 150 buildings and artists have collaborated in the construction of the Boroujerdiha house. The famous master and architect of the 13th century AH, “Ali Maryam Kashani” is the main designer and builder of this house.

  The paintings and plastering were done under the supervision of the founder of the first painting school in Iran, Sania Al-Molk, and his nephew Kamal Al-Molk.


One of the reasons for the fame of Boroujerdiha’s house is that the Windcatchers are made of brick.

  Three Windcatchers with a length of 40 meters are located on the roof. These Windcatchers perform the process of air conditioning and play an important role in cooling a building in the desert.

The Windcatchers of Boroujerdiha historical house are built from the roof to the basement and are connected to the groundwater.

Iranian historical houses were designed to have two general parts.

  The first part was a space called exterior “Biruni” that was accessible to everyone who entered the house. The second part was the space that only the occupants of the house had access to, and it was called the interior “Andaruni.” The Boroujerdiha House also follows this builder.

The architecture of Boroujerdiha’s house has been designed and executed in two general parts, “exterior and interior” and “winter room and summer room”.

Winter room

Rooms that received more sunlight were more popular in the winter.

These rooms were considered for the guests in winter due to the suitable heat and light.

Most of the winter room paintings have been done by Kamal al-Molk with oil paint.

Summer room

In the summer room, the roof of the house is higher, so better air flow cools the room. In this section, beautiful bedspreads and painted muqarnas on the ceiling have given a special beauty to the space. On the wall of the royal section, paintings of Qajar kings have been painted and its halls are decorated with images of birds, animals and flowers.

Tabatabaei Historical House

The Tabatabai historical house is known as the bride of the historical houses of Iran.

  This house in the Qajar period and by “Haj Seyed Jafar Tabatabai Natanzi”, is a Natanzi merchant living in Kashan and is known as Tabatabai house.

  The architect of the Tabatabai House was Master Ali Maryam Kashani, who built it in 10 years.

Since the owner of the house was a carpet merchant, the bedding designs were ultimately inspired by the splendor and beauty of Persian carpet designs.

Architecture of Tabatabai historical house

The Tabatabai House, like other historical buildings, has an originality of architecture and design appropriate to the specific climate of the region.

In the construction of old houses in Kashan, in addition to the climate and weather conditions, religious and Islamic beliefs have also been considered. This means that the interior of the house is not visible from outside the house, not even from the roof of neighboring houses.

Tabatabai’s house is built with the architecture of Sunken courtyard. Therefore, the house is resistant to earthquakes. When the house is built as Sunken courtyard, the house has thermal insulation. The house does not heat up or cool down quickly.

Kashan Tabatabai House has an area of 4,700 square meters and has 40 rooms.

The house consists of three parts: interior (ANDARUNI), exterior (BIRUNI) and crew section.

The whole house of Tabatabai is decorated with unique plasters and stained glass. The stained glass used in the building has given the house an extraordinary visual beauty. Architectural art can be seen in every part of the house.

Kashan Tabatabai House is known as one of the original Iranian-Islamic houses and is one of the masterpieces in Iranian architecture.

Tepe Sialk

History of Silk Hill

About fifty years BC, the cave dwellers of the Iranian plateau turned to the plains due to climate change and began a new life. The oldest people of the plains were the people of Sialk near Kashan, whose life traces have been discovered during excavations. The ancient site of Silk has a history of nearly seven thousand years.

Tepe Sialk is actually a ziggurat or shrine of ancient people made of clay and pottery.

How to discover Silk Hill

About eighty years ago, with the flood in Kashan’s agricultural lands, a civilization of several thousand years appeared;

One of the sights of this ancient region is the existence of several thousand years old pottery fragments on the ground and around these hills.

  The discovery of Spindle shows that these people are familiar with the Spinning.

  The inhabitants of this region made tools for themselves by melting metals. With the discovery of a metal smelting furnace in the southern part of this hill, the city of Silk can be considered one of the most industrial cities of that time.

The results of excavations on Tepe Sialk of civilization divide it into six distinct cultural periods.

The first and second period

This period is related to the oldest or the first inhabitants of the northern hill, which was formed about seven thousand years ago.

The early inhabitants lived in makeshift huts, which they built with branches and covered Mud. It is possible that people living in the northern hills baked their pottery in kilns.

In the second period, geometric patterns were used on the surfaces of the pottery. The people of this period were hunting, farming and sheepherding.

The people of Silk buried their dead under the floors of their houses with gifts.

Third period

About 6,100 years ago, the inhabitants of the northern hills changed their place of residence and moved to the southern hills.

In the middle of the third period, people used pottery wheels. During this period, pottery was baked in special ovens whose temperature could be controlled. In addition to previous motifs, human motifs were also used to decorate this pottery.

  Silk artisans learned how to extract silver from ore and made ornaments from silver.

Fourth period

This period dates back to about 5,000 years ago and is known as the beginning of writing or the beginning of the urban period. The most important cultural development of this period is the emergence of early writing. In this period, cylindrical seals were used in animal or geometric shapes, which showed the commercial and commercial progress in that period.

The fifth period

This period is related to the migration of new immigrants to Silk. The most important culture of these tribes is to make gray pottery.

The houses of these immigrants were built on the remains of buildings of the previous period.

In the fifth period, the dead were buried in separate cemeteries.

The sixth period

During this period, the entire surface of the hill was flattened and as a result, the architecture of the fifth period was completely destroyed. Burial culture changed slightly, and some tombs were covered with hewn stones or large bricks, reflecting the status of the dead. 200 tombs from this period have been excavated.

if the antient hills are interested for you, can join us in Iran antient hills tour.


rose water festival

rose water festival is one of the most famous Iranian traditions. This tradition is practiced in Fars province and Kashan and the surrounding areas. This traditional celebration has a special atmosphere due to its spring season and the flowering of Damask rose in Kashan farms.

History of Kashan rose water festival

Damask rose is one of the most important agricultural products of Iran and is one of the native plants of the country. The seeds of this flower were first sent from Iran to Turkey and then to Syria and Bulgaria during the Safavid rule. Iranian rose is one of the most important export goods of Iran from the past until now. In the past, Iranian roses were sent to China and India via the Silk Road, and today, Iranian roses are sent to other parts of the world.

Kashan rose water season

The rose watering season of Kashan begins in mid-spring and continues until the end of this season. Kashan Rose water Festival continues from the beginning to the end of Damask rose flower harvest.

The best time of day for picking Damask rose flowers is the first hours of the day and before sunshine.  Rose water produced from flowers arranged before sunrise is of high quality.

How to make rose water

The harvested flowers are poured into large copper pots. These copper boilers are connected to pipes that end in other containers. The steam from boiling Damask rose is converted into rose water by passing through pipes and reaching cold water chambers.

If the distillation process is repeated again, a pure rose water is obtained, which is very thick and has a unique aroma.

Kashan is a city full of historical sights and is known as the cradle of traditional Iranian civilization and culture. Visiting Kashan in spring creates a different experience for tourists and makes a memorable trip for them.

2-Mashhad Ardehal

the seconded touristic villages in Isfahan is Mashhad Ardehal is located 42 km west of Kashan.

Due to the mountainous location of Mashhad Ardehal has cold winters and cool summers.

The city is known for its special tradition called “carpet washing” and every year many tourists travel to the city to see the ceremony.

  The tomb of Sohrab Sepehri is also considered as a tourist attraction in Mashhad Ardehal.

Noshabad underground city of Kashan

Coincidentally, an underground city belonging to the Sassanid rule was discovered, which is now one of the most amazing attractions of Nooshabad.

It is the largest underground city in the world and the largest man-made architecture in the world.

Experts believe that with the hard material of the land of this region and this historic city, the excavation of this city was probably done with diamond tools. The vessels discovered in the underground city of Noshabad show that the people used the underground shelter the most during the Mongol and Timurid invasions.


the third touristic villages in Isfahan and One of the most pleasant areas in Kashan is the historical city of Niasar. This city attracts many tourists with its attractive historical and natural places.

By traveling to Niasar in the spring, you can also take part in the rose-water ceremony.

 Niasar waterfall has beautiful and extraordinary views. This waterfall is also a unique place for medicinal plants to grow.

The most prominent historical place of Niasar is Chahartaghi. This place is a rectangular building that was built by order of Ardeshir Babakan during the Sassanid era and in the past was part of a fire temple and a place for religious ceremonies.

Bath and water mill is another tourist attraction of Niasar and it dates back to the Safavid era. The way of working, architecture and water transfer from the famous Niasar waterfall, has made the bath and water mill of this city famous.

4- Qamsar

Qamsar is other one of touristic villages in Isfahan located 25 km south of Kashan.

 Qamsar has a very pristine and beautiful nature. This city is known for its Damask rose flowers.

The best time to visit Qamsar Kashan is on Ordibehesht 15-25, on which date you can participate in the Qamsar Rose Festival.

Sarai Khatoon

Sarai Khatoon is one of the tourist places of Qamsar that has modern and at the same time Islamic architecture. House plastering is unique. The mirrors of this house are similar to Aali Qapo of Isfahan and Shahcheragh of Shiraz.

Bird Garden

 In the bird garden with an area of 10,000 hectares, birds from 17 different countries have been collected.

Qamsar Rose Museum

In this museum, you will learn about the history of two thousand years and how to prepare rose water. In this Qajar building, the equipment needed for rose water can be seen.


the last and most famuse touristic villages in Isfahan is Abyaneh village, one of the special and spectacular villages of Isfahan province. Abyaneh is also popular with domestic and foreign tourists. The natives of Abyaneh village continue to wear their traditional clothing. The buildings of the village, which are located at the foot of the mountain, are red, this color has given Abyaneh a double charm.

In fact, the combination of narrow alleys that lead to each other, geometric windows, inlaid doors, etc. is spectacular and attractive to any viewer and is the subject of tourist photography.

Lut desert

Lut Desert

Lut Desert


Lut desert is located in the southeast of Iran. The title of the most pristine spot in Iran has been given to Lut Desert. “Lut” in Balochi language means naked, thirsty and empty of everything.

  The major part of this great desert is sand.

  The time of formation of most deserts goes back to the third geological period, which were ancient lakes, and now the salt left over from their evaporation in the past prevents the growth of any plant in these areas. For this reason, geologists refer to the vast region of southeastern Iran as Lut Desert.

The vast area of Lut desert includes parts of the three vast provinces of Sistan and Baluchistan, South Khorasan and Kerman and extends from north to south. About 70% of this vast desert is in Kerman province and 30% is in South Khorasan and Sistan and Baluchistan provinces. Is located.

  The average length of Lut desert is estimated to be 900 km from north to south and 300 km from west to east. Due to the vastness of Lut desert, different regions with different climates and geographical features have been created in it.

Different parts of Lut desert

North Lut desert

In Northern Lut, there are many sedimentary and volcanic mountains and hills that have caused numerous earthquakes in this region.

The northernmost area of Lut desert, most of which is within the boundaries of South Khorasan and Birjand provinces, is considered a vast area whose height reaches 1000 meters in the northernmost parts and decreases to 500 meters as it moves towards the south.

Central lut

  Central Lut with 162 km length and 52 km width is known as “Chale Lut”. Central Lut is the most different part of the Lut desert, which is covered with huge masses of sand.There are scattered salt and chalk deserts in the central Lut.

South Lot

The southernmost region of Lut desert includes a major part of Kerman province and northern Sistan and Baluchistan. This region is more fertile than other parts in terms of vegetation and remains of ancient civilizations. It is divided into three parts in terms of geology:



This area is known as Hamada and it is full of big and small stones that are artistically placed together. That’s why Dasht Sar is also called Sangfarsh desert. Wind erosion, severe temperature changes and erosion by running water are the reasons for the existence of such an area that has no vegetation.


 Kalut is a local name that refers to deep ditches and huge sand pyramids that have emerged as a result of soil erosion. Lut Desert Kalut are located in an area of ​​80 km wide and 145 km long and are considered a unique phenomenon in the world. The reason for the existence of these Kalut is the erosion by the Shore River and the 120-day winds of Sistan, which have created the most spectacular attraction of Lut.

Sand dunes

 an area of ​​50 thousand hectares is covered with sand dunes. The height of some of these crescent-shaped hills reaches 500 meters.

Gandom Beriyan

Gandom beriyan on the west of the Lut, there are hills covered with stones and black volcanic lava, which has an area of ​​480 square kilometers. This area is devoid of life in the summer season, the air temperature is more than 71 degrees Celsius, and no living thing survives. The black covering of the area causes the air temperature to rise sharply. Being at a low altitude (400 meters above sea level) has also been declared as one of the reasons for the extreme heat in this area.


According to reports, in 2005, the infrared radiometer of NASA’s “Ecoai” satellite measured the temperature of the central areas of Lut desert at 70.7 degrees Celsius.

Vegetation and fauna of Lut desert

 In the central parts of Lut desert, there is no special plant and animal life; But in some days of the year when the weather conditions are more favorable, temporary life is observed. In the spring season in Dasht Sar region, after limited seasonal rains, grass plants grow and dry in a short time.

There are many species of plants in the Rig yalan area, including Calligonum and Haloxylon. The density of this vegetation is much higher in East Lut. In 20 km of Shahdad area, you can also see Tamarisk bushes. One of the amazing and unique phenomena of Lut desert are the sand pots (Nabkha). With a height of 10 meters, these Nabkhas are the tallest in the world, and they are surrounded by Tamarisk bushes. The tallest Nabkha in the African Sahara is only three meters high.

Animals that are resistant to dehydration live in Lut desert. These animals include all kinds of snakes and carrion-eating birds, Jaculus, foxes and Sand cats, and all kinds of Agamas.

  About 70 species of birds with white color have also been seen in Lut desert. The reason for their white color is less heat absorption. The water needed by the bird is also provided by eating insects or dew that is formed due to the temperature difference between day and night.


Lut desert at night

The temperature difference between night and day in the Lut desert is noticeable due to the lack of vegetation. Plants have a significant impact on the weather. Since no photosynthesis occurs in the desert, the temperature drops a lot. The heat of the day in the desert is not absorbed due to the lack of insulation of the sand to maintain the temperature and store the heat; Therefore, desert nights are very cold. There is a significant difference between Lut and other desert regions of the world, which is the 120-day winds of Sistan during the summer season, which makes the air temperature not increase during the day and not decrease at night. In fact, these winds play the role of regulating the temperature of Lut desert.

Secrets of the Lut Desert

Lut desert is considered the most inaccessible desert in the world. Shahdad’s Kalut are full of secrets. Some people believe that this is the cursed city of the “Lot people” who were turned into stone, and this is the reason why it was named the desert of Lut.

 The Kaluts are full of unknowns and there are still parts where no human has been. However, in the marginal areas of Lut and Shahdad deserts, artifacts such as pottery and stone vessels from ancient civilizations dating back to 3000 BC have been discovered.

 Parts of the central desert are so burning that even bacteria cannot live, but in an area called “Zangi Ahmad”, where there is no trace of water or life, there are traces of a dilapidated wooden tower surrounded by broken pottery and colored glass. has been

 In recent years, a fossil of a dinosaur’s nail has been discovered in Lut desert, which needs a more detailed investigation.

desert lake

One of the wonders of the Lut desert is the presence of running water, especially in the marginal areas of the desert. The dried riverbeds indicate ancient and abundant rivers in the past. These rivers flow a little during seasonal rains.


Shahdad’s Kaluts

Shahdad Kaluts has an area of 11,000 square kilometers and is a mysterious, unknown and frightening area; Because there are few signs of life in this area. The ancient city of Shahdad is considered to be the center of government of “Arata” tribes in ancient Iran. This is the place of discovery of the oldest metal flag in the world, which is called “Shahdad Flag”.

Shahdad’s Kaluts date back to 20,000 years ago.



The night sky of the desert is a paradise for astronomers, photographers and researchers due to the pristine nature of Lut compared to other deserts of Iran.

Lut desert has so many unique and different attractions that it arouses the interest of tourists. In addition to watching the legendary Kaluts, various side entertainments are also provided for tourists such as off-roading, camel riding, walking and photography.



Lut desert have been registered in the world list of UNESCO and by joining the UNESCO tours organized by Oak Travel agency, visit these special and spectacular desert.

shiraz | Persian garden

The Persian Garden

The Persian Garden

Persian garden: Iranian garden has always played an important role throughout history

 in Iranian life and architecture, and it is one of the oldest and most important garden styles in the world. The important role of Persian gardens can be seen in the paintings of Kamaluddin Behzad, in the poems of Khayyam and Hafez, Saadi, in Persian fiction and Found in Iranian carpets.

Persian gardens were built in two categories (garden-palace) and (garden-tomb). Garden-palaces were built for kings and rulers, and the palace was generally placed in the center of the garden. Garden-tomb grounds were also built with the inspiration of heaven for the graves of important people.

The word garden (pardis) in Persian is the root of the word paradise (heaven) in English. Since the time of the Sassanids and then in the Islamic period, poetry and literature have always been full of respect and love for nature, and the aesthetic aspect of the garden was more important than before, and an attempt was made to make them an allegory of heaven. In this regard, in the design of Iranian gardens, descriptions of heaven were used to bring a place of comfort.

In the structure of Persian Garden, the slope of the land and access to water were the determining factors.

Slope gardens were built in such a way that the water flows in the direction of the slope.

Water has a historical place in Iran and has been a messenger of light and purity. This position is due to the lack of water in a country where a large percentage of it is desert. Water played a key role in the creation of Persian Garden, and the reason for the construction of historical Persian garden was the presence of natural springs or aqueducts in the region. The size of the Persian garden that was built also depended on the amount of water that was available for irrigation.

 Iranians mostly built gardens on sloping land and by placing stairs in the water path, they increased the sound of the water flow and used its pleasant sound.

 The use of fountains had a great effect on the appearance and beauty of Persian Garden. The water features, which were made with different designs and made of stone with white chips, gave a special effect to the gardens.

The pattern of four gardens is the next principle of making Persian Garden. In this pattern, four streams reach the center of the garden and divide the garden into four parts. The concept of the four gardens pattern is attributed to the following four concepts: four heavenly streams, four geographical directions, four seasons, four Classical elements.

Persian Garden have been registered in the world list of UNESCO. Visit the most spectacular gardens of Iran by joining the UNESCO tours organized by Oak Travel Agency.

Pasargad garden

Pasargad garden and its complex of palaces are considered as the most enduring innovations of the Achaemenid period and the first example of Persian garden construction. This style of gardening has been used as a model in Iran and neighboring countries.

Cyrus the Great had personally ordered how to create the garden of Pasargad and how to plant the trees.

  The whole garden has an area of about 8 hectares, and 900 meters of limestone canal was built to bring water all over it. The way of distribution and division of water in the complex of gardens and palaces and the combination of architecture with nature are among the features that raise this garden as a mother model in Iranian gardening.

Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden

Shazdeh Mahan garden is one of the full-fledged Persian garden, which has been turned into a green garden in the heart of the desert with its unique engineering. This garden, which is on the UNESCO list, is one of the most visited tourist places in Iran.

 Prince’s Garden was located on the Silk Road and was a suitable place to build a beautiful aristocratic garden, which shows Iran’s water engineering in that period in a good way.

 The location of the garden on a sloping ground has led to the construction of streams full of steps in it, which are always flowing and double the beautiful appearance of the garden.

 The garden mansion is located at the end of it, and by standing on its upper porch, in addition to the views of the garden, you can also enjoy the views outside the garden.

Shiraz Eram Garden

Shiraz is a city full of beautiful gardens. But Eram Garden is famous for its fragrant orange trees and evergreen cedars.

Eram Garden with a mansion located in its heart, which is unique and inspiring in terms of architecture and interior design. The construction of the garden dates back to the Seljuk period and has been renovated many times since then.

Eram garden is placed in the category of garden-palaces. The garden is rectangular in shape and surrounded by mud walls. The mansion is placed at a height above the garden level so that they have a general view of the garden. The large pool in front of the building adds a lot of grandeur to the building. A water stream flows along the pool, which is divided into other streams.

Dowlat Abad Garden, Yazd

Dowlat Abad Garden is one of the oldest gardens in Yazd. To supply water and build a garden, a 65-kilometer-long aqueduct was dug through which water was brought from Mehriz to Dowlat Abad Garden. This garden is very full of water and many people used to come to the garden to watch its fountains and streams. The many watery pools crystallize the feeling of vitality in the visitors.

The architecture of Dowlat Abad mansion and its 33-meter Windcatcher, which is the tallest wind turbine in the world, brings a cool atmosphere in the heat of summer with the combination of wind and water. The garden is very symmetrical and is divided into two parts, the outer garden and the inner garden. The axis of symmetry of the garden is the blue sky, which is about 200 meters long. The arrangement of trees along the main axis has led visitors’ eyes and focused the garden on the main mansion.

Fin Garden, Kashan

Fin Garden is one of the manifestations of Iranian architecture and design art. The design of the garden and the use of water streams, pools, and trees have given this garden a lively appearance.

According to historical documents, the old garden was during Al-Boyeh era, whose initial design was done by Ghiyasuddin Jamshid Kashani. The garden was completely destroyed due to the earthquake and the Mughal attack. However, during the Safavid era, the current building was revived with the design of Sheikh Baha’i.

  Fin garden has many buildings in its collection such as bath, palace and etc.

Bagh Fin was considered one of the most famous historical buildings and very important events happened in this building, including the murder of Amir Kabir.

Abbas Abad Historical Garden, Behshahr

Abbas Abad Historical Persian garden in Behshahr is the most important non-desert garden in Iran, which, in addition to its historical attraction, also has a unique natural attraction. This garden is one of the largest Persian garden and its architecture is valuable. This complex is one of the non-desert gardens of Iran, which was built in the 11th century by the order of Shah Abbas Safavi.

 The complex includes a garden, a lake and a bathhouse, and a four-arched brick building is located in the center of the lake. The water of the lake is supplied by winter rains.

The Persian garden of this complex is built on a natural hill, which was created by cutting the hill, creating a matching and stepped garden. This unique garden is built like other Persian garden and is one of the most unique gardens in Iran.

Chehel Sotoun, Isfahan

Chehel Sotoun is one of the examples of Persia garden left over from the Safavid period. This garden is a small part of the vast panoramic garden that Shah Abbas I created by building a palace in the center of the garden of the first Chehel Sotoun Palace. Despite the damage, this garden still has stunning beauty for visitors.

  The vegetation of the garden includes Persian pine, elm, black maple and sycamore trees. The area of the palace is 2120 square meters and the building of the mansion is one meter higher than the level of the garden.

Pahlavanpur Garden,Yazd

Pahlavanpur Garden is one of the most abundant and greenest gardens in Mehr Riz-Yazd. This garden dates back to the Qajar period. Three important aqueducts of the city pass through this garden. Despite the dry and hot climate of Yazd province, pomegranates, persimmons and almonds grow in this garden, and this is due to the abundance of water in this garden.

The garden complex includes the main palace, stables, Ab anbar, central courtyard, bathroom, kitchen, etc.

Akbariyeh Garden, Birjand

Akbariye Garden with an area of ​​about 4 hectares is one of the tourist attractions of South Khorasan province.

Experts attribute the beginning of the construction of the garden to the end of the Zandiya period or the beginning of the Qajar period, but the construction of this garden was completed in the Qajar period.

The garden was created on a sloping ground and the mansion was built in the highest part of the garden. The main two-story mansion is located in the central part and has a special symmetry and proportion.

  Many shady trees have been planted and most of the garden is devoted to planting fruit trees and medicinal plants.

 There is a main permanent water stream and several secondary streams in the garden, the sound of which is very pleasant. A large pool, one of the important elements of Iranian gardens, occupies a major part of the garden space. This pool has a square platform in the middle that stands out in the garden.

Persian Gardens  are registered in the world list of UNESCO. By joining the UNESCO tours organized by Oak Travel Agency, visit these unique historical monuments and experience a pleasant travel experience.

kabutar khane in isfahan-pigoen house | passage on Iran history tour

Pigeon tower (kabutar khane)

Strange architecture of Isfahan kabutar khane(pigeon house)

Pigeon Tower or kabutar khane is a building that was built in the central regions of Iran, especially Isfahan (more info about Isfahan monuments). These towers were built around farms and gardens. There are about 3,000 pigeon towers around Isfahan, but few of them remain today. Most people mistakenly believe that pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) are built for homing pigeon. But Isfahan pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) were built to collect pigeon manure. Pigeon manure has been used in various industries in the past. The owners of these pigeon house have made a lot of money from the sale of these fertilizers.


pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) were buildings that were common in the desert and central regions of Iran about 400 years ago. These towers were built near gardens and agricultural fields. These buildings were built in the form of cylinders with latticed windows. The windows were made so that only pigeons could enter and exit. This type of architecture kept the pigeons safe from birds of prey such as eagles and owls. A well was dug in the middle of the tower so that the pigeons could have access to water. The materials used to make the pigeon house were clay and mud. This architecture creates cool weather in summer and warm weather in winter.

Inside of these tower in isfahan, a large number of small balconies seamlessly cover the interior walls. These balconies have been used as pigeon nests. The walls are constructed in such a way that they have a slope towards the interior so that the excrement falls directly into the central cavity and dries. These towers are very durable buildings due to the use of mortar in their construction and have survived to this day.

The Strange architecture of towers is such that some people who do not know the Isfahan pigeon towers (kabutar khaneh) mistakenly think that these towers used to be a military fortress.

To protect the pigeons, the towers (kabutar khaneh) were built to protect them from invaders.

The holes in the tower (windows) were exactly the size of a pigeon. As a result, large birds such as owls and crows are less likely to enter.

But the tower builders used other effective ways to prevent pigeons from attacking.

the owners of these towers used plants such as frankincense and pepper to ward off pests such as bedbugs and fleas.

The vibrations of the pigeons’ wings in the tower also kept snakes and mice away from the pigeon house.

In these towers (kabutar khaneh), there is no food for pigeons. During the day, the pigeons go out to find food and water, and at night they return to the tower (kabutar khaneh).

The capacity of some Isfahan pigeon towers (kabutar khaneh) reaches 40,000 pigeons. Therefore, about 70,000 kilograms of manure was obtained annually from these pigeons. This amount of manure was good for both the owners of the towers and the farmers. Farmers used these manures to fertilize their farmland. For this reason, many pigeon towers (kabutar khaneh) were built in this province. manure has been the main use of pigeon excrement, but it has also been used in the leather industry and gunpowder production.

Mardavij pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh)

One of the most famous Isfahan pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) is Mardavij  pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) and the other one is In Houyeh Village pigeon tower. Mardavij pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) is designed like a flower. In the center of this flower is a large circle and eight circles around it. The height of this tower is 18 meters and its diameter is 16 meters. There are 15,000 nests in this three-story tower. This tower has been registered in the list of national monuments of Iran.

 Radan pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh)

Radan pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) is one of the few pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) built during the Qajar period. The height of this tower is 10 meters and the diameter of its cylinder is 13 meters. The architecture of this pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) is in the form of two nested cylinders.

To visit Radan Tower, you have to go 3 km south of Isfahan.

Be sure to visit these pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) during your trip to Isfahan. It will be very interesting to visit the Isfahan pigeon tower (kabutar khaneh) and get acquainted with their architecture.

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