The city of Tehran is the cultural, artistic, political, literary and economic capital of Iran. This city has many palaces related to the Qajar and Pahlavi dynasties and has a role in the history of Iran and is also known as the center of cinematic and television arts in Iran. This city It is also known as the economic and political capital of Iran. In this city you can get acquainted with all these aspects.
History of Tehran
The city of Tehran is located at 51 degrees and 6 minutes to 51 degrees and 38 minutes east longitude and 35 degrees and 34 minutes to 35 degrees and 51 minutes north latitude and its height above sea level is between 1800 meters in the north to 1200 meters in the center and 1050 meters in the south is variable. Tehran is located between a mountain and a desert and at the foot of the Alborz Mountain range. It is surrounded by the mountains of Rey and Bibi Shahrbanu and the flat plains of Shahriyar and Varamin from the south and by the mountains from the north. To study the geological characteristics of Tehran, we find that Tehran is between a huge massif of the Alborz Mountain range and the Iranian plateau. Tehran is divided into three natural areas. Northern mountains. The hillside Southern Plain. Due to its special political position, Tehran has the characteristics of other cities and plays a role in Iranian tourism.
Tehran became the capital
Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, the person who established the Qajar dynasty. He made many attempts to seize Tehran, but after a long time, he finally succeeded in seizing Tehran. He introduced Tehran as the capital of the country due to its special war situation, progress in production and economy, as well as its proximity to the city of Gorgan, which was the origin of the Qajar government.
During the Qajar dynasty, Fath Ali Shah Qajar and Mohammad Shah Qajar established offices, hospitals and Dar al-Fonun, which led to the great development of Tehran. This development increased the population in Tehran.
Azadi Tower is one of the symbols of Tehran, which is known as an important place in Tehran tourism. This is how Hussein Amanat describes his structure, the Freedom Tower “starts from the ground and extends to the sky.” This tower is part of the Azadi complex, which has an underground museum. The museum exhibition includes about 50 historical works that show different periods of Iranian history. If you go to the top of the tower, you can enjoy the 360-degree view of the city.
Milad Tower of Tehran became a new symbol and plays an important role in tourism in Tehran. This building is built in the north of Tehran and can be seen from all parts of the city due to its skyscraper. Milad Tower is the sixth tallest tower in the world and the tallest building in Tehran. Milad Tower is 435 meters long. It took 11 years to build this multi-purpose building, each part of which plays a role in Tehran tourism, even for Iranians.
The tower consists of 5 parts, which are the foundation, entrance lobby, shaft, head structure and antenna. The lobby consists of 6 floors and includes commercial units, exhibition halls and a food court. Six elevators take visitors to the upper floors along a concrete shaft at a speed of 7 meters per second. The head of the tower consists of 12 floors. The antenna hosts the Radio and Television of the Islamic Republic of Iran and private antennas.
The time of construction of this palace belongs to the Safavid dynasty, but since then it has changed a lot. This palace is a collection of historical buildings that show this palace as the most important historical monuments of Iran in Tehran. This palace was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the summer of 1392 at the 37th session of the UNESCO Committee in Phnom Penh.
Golestan Palace includes several royal palaces and halls in one garden. The architecture of this complex was initially Iranian architecture, but over time due to commercial, political and cultural issues with European countries, this architecture changed. This change in architectural style has created a combination of Iranian and European architecture.
The tiles of Golestan Palace in the exterior of this palace with mythical themes, hunting and hunting grounds, feasts, romance, war and battle, scenery, historical monuments, kings, courtiers and government and religious agents can be introduced as the best examples of tiles. . In these tiles, one can see the influence of Western culture on art.
The interior of this palace is decorated with beautiful mirrors. It took seven years to create these decorations with mirrors. In this garden, other beauties have been created with gold and also with stone, all of which reflect the Iranian art in design.
Jahan Nama Ruby Palace
During the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar, many royal palaces were built, and Yaghoot Palace is one of these palaces, which was built in the 39th year of his reign in Tehran. The palace that was built in Sorkheh Hesar. The architecture of this palace is completely European and there is no sign of Iranian architecture in it; for this reason, this palace is considered one of the first palaces in which Iranian architecture did not play a role. The Ruby Palace consisted of sections of the Outer Palace and the Royal Shrine. The building has a porch at the top of the entrance, which in European architecture is dedicated to introducing important people (such as the Queen of England or the Pope) and expressing feelings to the people.
Saltanat Abad Palace
The largest summer garden was Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar, but during the Pahlavi period, parts of this mansion were destroyed by order of Reza Shah Pahlavi. The first highway that arose outside of Tehran was the road from Tehran to Saltanat Abad. In the construction of this mansion, plaster and mirror work have been used to decorate the mansion. Among the important events that took place in this building, we can mention the coronation of Ahmad Shah and the trial of Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh.
Saadabad Historical Complex
It is one of the few palaces where the last Persian kings lived. This palace was the summer residence of these kings. The palace is surrounded by a garden. The main palace of this complex is Saad Abad Palace, which was restored by the order of Reza Khan Pahlavi and was built in this complex after other palaces. This complex includes more than 10 palaces.
Niavaran palace complex
A complex with several palaces located in one of the pleasant areas of Tehran. Niavaran Palace was the main residence of the Shah(king) and his family, which had many rooms.
Ahmad Shahi pavilion is another mansion of the Shah’s palaces, which is located near Niavaran Palace. This palace, which is located in Niavaran complex, was the summer residence of Ahmad Shah Qajar. This palace is currently used as a museum of royal children’s items. In the Niavaran complex, there is a museum called the World View Museum, where gifts given to the royal family are kept; in this museum, you can also see an old car.
Mirza Hussein Khan Sepahsalar Qazvini in 1289 AH ordered the construction of the Baharestan mansion in the Baharestan region; This mansion represents the solid architecture that was in the government citadel of Tehran. By building this palace, he intended to change the face of the city. This palace was the residence of Sepahsalar.
The original building of the palace was built by Mirza Mehdi Khan Shaqaqi, Hussein Khan Mushir al-Dawla, nicknamed Prime Minister Nasser al-Din Shah. The construction of this palace took 6 years. Sepahsalar building in the east and west direction, along the entrance, shows the evolved design of Qajar palace with a combination of Western art.
Another palace built during the reign of the Qajar dynasty by order of Muzaffar al-Din Shah Qajar. This palace was built in a place called Farahabad village. Farahabad Palace is currently used as the “Naval Museum of the Revolutionary Guards” and is not open to the public. The palace has three sections: the staff section of the palace – stables – a small garden and a large swimming pool. The symmetry of the components was very important in the construction of this garden. There is a central room and several surrounding rooms on each floor of the palace.
Masoudiyeh mansion is one of the palaces built by the order of the sons of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar. This palace was built by order of Massoud Mirza; many important historical events have taken place in this area.
National Museum of Iran
The National Museum of Iran, as the first official museum in the country, is a collection of historical and prehistoric monuments of Iran, which is located in Tehran. This museum consists of two parts. The name of the first part of the Museum of Ancient Iran is where the works related to the ancient Paleolithic period are kept. The next section is called the Museum of the Islamic Era, where works related to the Islamic Era are kept.
Negarestan Museum Garden
Museum of the Qasr Prison
Qasr Prison was inaugurated by Reza Shah on December 3, 2010. The initial phase of the prison, which was opened at that time, had 192 rooms with a capacity of 800 prisoners. This prison continued its activities until the construction of Evin Prison and was the only prison in the capital. After the Islamic Revolution of Iran, this prison was a place of imprisonment for non-political prisoners.
Carpet Museum of Iran
The Iranian Carpet Museum was opened in 1977 at the suggestion of Farah Pahlavi in a building that had been abandoned for 15 years.
The design of the carpet museum building has been done in a special way by Abdolaziz Farmanfarmaeian. He designed the exterior of the building with a carpet and made it in such a way as to prevent excessive sunlight into the building. The interior of the building is designed to show the feelings of Iranian art.
Iranian Art Museum Garden
This garden has its own beauties in Tehran tourism and can show you, its beauty. In this garden, the green space and the sound of water, as well as the existing shops and cafes have created a special beauty.
In this beautiful garden, 11 works from 35 well-known ancient works of Iran that have great artistic and historical value, including Azadi Tower, Chehel Soton, Gonbad Kavous, Sivuse Pol, Shams al-Amara, etc., are on display in the form of replicas. These antiquities are miniatures of 2,500-year-old Pahlavi festivals made by Italian artists from concrete with resin doors and windows.
Reza Abbasi Museum
Reza Abbasi Museum is one of the most important museums in Iran, which was established on September 16, 1977 and was named in memory of the famous Safavid painter Reza Abbasi.
The building of this museum was previously used for another purpose, which was purchased from the original owner due to its special architecture and location, and started its work as a museum in 1977 by the order of Farah Pahlavi, but was closed after a year.
Glassware and Ceramic Museum of Iran
In 1291 AD, by the order of Ahmad Ghavam, nicknamed Ghavam Al-Saltanah, he built a magnificent mansion in the middle of the Qajar Garden, which years later became a treasure trove of glass and pottery works related to different cultural periods of Iran. The mansion was originally built as Ghavam’s office and residence. He lived there for 30 years.
Nature bridge of Tehran
Nature Bridge is one of the well-known symbols in Tehran.
The three-story nature bridge in the Abbasabad district of Tehran is a pedestrian bridge that connects the two main parks in the capital. The Nature Bridge is known as the largest non-automobile bridge in the Middle East and the first non-automobile bridge in Iran.
Bameh Tehran (ie Bam Tehran) is a great place in the Alborz Mountains to enjoy the fresh air away from the city center. This place can be one of the tourist attractions of Tehran, considering that it can take you away from the crowds of the city and introduce you to relaxing hours.
At first, it was a small village that was separate and then it was considered as an old neighborhood in the north of Tehran. This region has a special role in Tehran tourism, even for Iranians, due to its special climate and distance from traffic and urban issues. This village has existed since 200 years ago. According to legend, this place was the first residence of the Taleghan people who migrated to this area, after which it became the residence of rich people. This area was inhabited by princes during the Qajar dynasty. Was selected. After a long time during the Pahlavi era, by order of Reza Shah, a guest house and a number of villas were built in Darband.
Darkeh valley is located in the north of Tehran, next to a river. Along this valley, there are several gardens that created a recreational atmosphere and changed the tourism of Tehran. This village is located at an altitude of 1700 meters and north of Evin prison.
At the End
In Shiraz you can also enjoy the natural places of this city. There are several places in Shiraz that have many rivers and trees. Due to the special weather of Shiraz in each season, you can visit these natural places for hours and enjoy the sound of water and the caress of the wind as well as the sound of birds.
If you choose Shiraz as your tourist destination, you can see the ability of Iranians to keep their history and civilization alive. See art and creativity in the existing designs of this city. You can enjoy the climate of Shiraz in the nature of this city and also taste its delicious tastes. Shiraz tourism has hosted many tourists every year and knows well how to please its tourists. Trust Shiraz tourism.